AUDIT COMMITTEE REPORT


COMPOSITION

Dato' Tan Guan Cheong
(Chairman/Independent Non-Executive Director)

Dato' Ahmad Fuaad Bin Mohd Dahalan
(Member/Independent Non-Executive Director)

Dato' Zainal Abidin Bin Ahmad
(Member/Independent Non-Executive Director)

TERMS OF REFERENCE

Primary Purposes

The Committee shall:-

1.Provide assistance to the Board of Directors ("Board") of the Company, the manager ("Manager") of YTL Hospitality REIT in fulfilling its fiduciary responsibilities relating to the corporate accounting and practices for YTL Hospitality REIT and the Manager (where applicable).
2.Assist to improve YTL Hospitality REIT and the Manager's business efficiency, the quality of the accounting function, the system of internal controls and the audit function to strengthen the confidence of the public in YTL Hospitality REIT's reported results.
3.Maintain through regularly scheduled meetings, a direct line of communication between the Board and the external auditors as well as internal auditors.
4.Establish policies and procedures to assess the suitability, objectivity and independence of the external auditors.
5.Ensure that the internal audit function is effective and able to function independently.
6.Strengthen the role of the Independent Directors by giving them a greater depth of knowledge as to the operations of YTL Hospitality REIT and of the Manager through their participation in the Committee.
7.Act upon the Board's request to investigate and report on any issues or concerns in regard to the management of YTL Hospitality REIT and the Manager.
8.Review existing practices and recommend to management to formalise an ethics code for all executives and members of the staff of the Manager.
9.Instill discipline and control to reduce incidence of fraud.


Composition

1.The Committee shall be appointed by the Board from amongst their number and shall comprise no fewer than three (3) members, all of whom must be non-executive directors, with a majority of them being Independent Directors.
2.All members of the Audit Committee should be financially literate. At least one member of the Audit Committee:-
(a)must be a member of the Malaysian Institute of Accountants; or
(b)if he is not a member of the Malaysian Institute of Accountants, he must have at least 3 years' working experience and:-
(i)he must have passed the examinations specified in Part I of the First Schedule of the Accountants Act 1967; or
(ii)he must be a member of one of the associations of accountants specified in Part II of the First Schedule of the Accountants Act 1967; or
(c)fulfils such other requirements as prescribed or approved by Bursa Malaysia Securities Berhad ("Bursa Securities").
3.The Board must ensure that no alternate Director is appointed as a member of the Audit Committee.
4.The members of the Committee shall elect a Chairman from amongst their number who shall be an Independent Director. The Chairman of the Committee shall not be the Chairman of the Board.
5.In the event of any vacancy in the Committee resulting in the non-compliance of sub-paragraph 15.09(1) of the Bursa Securities Main Market Listing Requirements ("Main LR"), the Manager must fill the vacancy within three (3) months.


Authority

The Committee shall in accordance with the procedure determined by the Board and at the cost of YTL Hospitality REIT and/or the Manager:-

1.have explicit authority to investigate any matter within its terms of reference;
2.have the resources which are required to perform its duties;
3.have full and unrestricted access to any information pertaining to YTL Hospitality REIT and the Manager;
4.have direct communication channels with the external auditors and person(s) carrying out the internal audit function or activity;
5.be able to obtain independent professional or other advice and to secure the attendance of outsiders with relevant experience and expertise if it considers this necessary;
6.be able to convene meetings with the internal auditors without the presence of other directors and employees of the Manager, whenever deemed necessary; and
7.to meet with the external auditors at least twice a year without the presence of the other directors and employees of the Manager.


Functions And Duties

The Committee shall, amongst others, discharge the following functions:-

1.Financial Reporting
(a)Review the quarterly financial results and annual financial statements of YTL Hospitality REIT prior to its recommendation to the Board for approval, focusing particularly on:-
changes in or implementation of major accounting policies and practices;
significant matters highlighted including financial reporting issues, significant judgments made by management, significant and unusual events or transactions, and how these matters are addressed;
the accuracy and adequacy of the disclosure of information essential to a fair and full presentation of the financial affairs of YTL Hospitality REIT;
compliance with applicable approved accounting standards, other regulatory and legal requirements; and
the going concern assumption.
2.External Audit
(a)Review the audit plan of YTL Hospitality REIT, scope of audit and audit report with the external auditors;
(b)Review with the external auditors their evaluation of the system of internal controls of YTL Hospitality REIT and/or the Manager, during the course of their audit, including any significant suggestions for improvements and management's response;
(c)Review the assistance given by the employees of the Manager to the external auditors;
(d)Recommend the nomination of a person or persons as external auditors and the audit fee;
(e)Review any letter of resignation from the external auditors;
(f)Review whether there is reason (supported by grounds) to believe that the external auditors are not suitable for re-appointment;
(g)Review any significant audit findings, reservations, difficulties encountered or material weaknesses reported by the external auditors.
3.Internal Audit
(a)Review the adequacy of the scope, competency and resources of the internal audit function and that it has the necessary authority and resources to carry out its work;
(b)Review the internal audit plan, processes, the results of the internal audit assessments, investigation undertaken and whether or not appropriate action is taken on the recommendations;
(c)Review any significant audit findings, reservations, difficulties encountered or material weaknesses reported by the internal auditors.
4.Related Party Transactions
(a)Review any related party transaction and conflict of interest situation that may arise within the Manager/YTL Hospitality REIT and any related parties outside the Manager/YTL Hospitality REIT including any transaction, procedure or course of conduct that raises questions of management integrity.
5. Other Matters
(a)Carry out any other function that may be mutually agreed upon by the Committee and the Board which would be beneficial to YTL Hospitality REIT/the Manager and ensure the effective discharge of the Committee's duties and responsibilities;
(b)Promptly report to Bursa Securities on any matter reported by it to the Board which has not been satisfactorily resolved resulting in a breach of the Main LR.


Meetings

1.To form a quorum in respect of a meeting of the Committee, the majority of members present must be Independent Directors.
2.The Committee shall meet at least four (4) times a year, although additional meetings may be called at any time at the discretion of the Chairman of the Committee. An agenda shall be sent to all members of the Committee and any other persons who may be required/invited to attend. All meetings to review the quarterly financial results and annual financial statements, shall be held prior to such quarterly financial results and annual financial statements being presented to the Board for approval.
3.Notwithstanding item 2 above, upon the request of any member of the Committee, the external auditors or the internal auditors, the Chairman of the Committee shall convene a meeting of the Committee to consider any matter which should be brought to the attention of the Directors or shareholders.
4.The external auditors have the right to appear and be heard at any meeting of the Committee and shall appear before the Committee when required to do so by the Committee.
5.The Committee may invite any Board member or any member of the management within the Manager whom the Committee thinks fit to attend its meetings to assist in resolving and clarifying matters raised in audit reports.
6. The internal auditors shall be in attendance at meetings of the Committee to present and discuss the audit reports of findings and the recommendations relating thereto and to follow up on decisions made at these meetings.
7.The Committee may establish any regulations from time to time to govern its administration.


Minutes

1.The Secretary shall cause minutes to be duly entered in the books provided for the purpose of all resolutions and proceedings of all meetings of the Committee. Such minutes shall be signed by the Chairman of the meeting at which the proceedings were held or by the Chairman of the next succeeding meeting and if so signed, shall be conclusive evidence without any further proof of the facts thereon stated.
2.Minutes of each meeting shall also be distributed to the members of the Committee prior to each meeting.
3.Detailed minutes of the Committee's meetings will be made available to all Board members. A summary of significant matters and resolutions will be reported to the Board by the Committee.
4.The books containing the minutes of proceedings of any meeting of the Committee shall be kept by the Manager at the registered office of the Manager and shall be opened to the inspection of any member of the Committee or the Board.


Secretary

The Secretary to the Committee shall be the Company Secretary.

NUMBER OF MEETINGS HELD AND DETAILS OF ATTENDANCE

The Audit Committee shall meet at quarterly intervals or such other intervals as the Audit Committee shall decide. During the financial year, a total of 6 Audit Committee meetings comprising 4 quarterly meetings and 2 special meetings were held and the details of attendance are as follows:-

Attendance
Dato' Tan Guan Cheong6
Dato' Ahmad Fuaad Bin Mohd Dahalan6
Dato' Zainal Abidin Bin Ahmad6
SUMMARY OF WORK CARRIED OUT DURING FINANCIAL YEAR

The Audit Committee carried out the following work during the financial year ended 30 June 2019 in the discharge of its functions and duties:-

1.Overseeing Financial Reporting
(a)Reviewed the following quarterly financial results and annual financial statements of YTL REIT ("Financial Reports") prior to their recommendation to the Board of Directors for approval:-
Quarterly financial results for the fourth quarter of financial year ended 30 June 2018, and the annual audited financial statements for the financial year ended 30 June 2018 at the Audit Committee meetings held on 31 July 2018;
First, second and third quarters of the quarterly results for the financial year ended 30 June 2019 at the Audit Committee meetings held on 22 November 2018, 26 February 2019 and 29 May 2019, respectively.
(b)At the Audit Committee meetings, the Finance Manager presented the Financial Reports wherein the following matters were reviewed and confirmed, with clarification and/or additional information provided wherever required by the Chief Executive Officer primarily in charge of the financial management of YTL REIT:-
Appropriate accounting policies had been adopted and applied consistently, and other statutory and regulatory requirements had been complied with;
YTL REIT has adequate resources to continue in operation for the foreseeable future and that there are no material uncertainties that could lead to significant doubt as to the Group’s ability to continue as a going concern;
Significant judgements made by management in respect of matters such as valuation of investment properties, revaluation of freehold land and buildings, valuation of derivative financial instruments, revenue recognition, adequacy of impairment loss made on trade receivables, judgemental differences on allocation of fair value adjustment between land and building for Sydney Harbour Marriott and the underlying assumptions and/or estimates used were reasonable in accordance with the requirements of the Financial Reporting Standards ("FRS");
Adequate processes and controls were in place for effective and efficient financial reporting and disclosures under the FRS and Bursa Malaysia Securities Berhad Main Market Listing Requirements ("Main LR");
The Financial Reports were fairly presented in conformity with the relevant accounting standards in all material aspects.
2.External Audit
(a)Reviewed with the external auditors, Messrs HLB Ler Lum ("HLB"):-
the final report on the audit of the financial statements for financial year ended 30 June 2018 setting out their comments and conclusions on the significant auditing and accounting issues highlighted, including management's judgements, estimates and/ or assessments made, and adequateness of disclosures in the financial statements;
the audit plan for the financial year ended 30 June 2019 outlining, amongst others, their scope of work, areas of audit emphasis, multi-location audit, and development in laws and regulations affecting financial reporting and the responsibilities of directors/audit committee and management, and auditors.
(b)Reviewed the audit fees proposed by HLB together with management and recommended the negotiated fees agreed by HLB to the Board of Directors for approval.
(c)Had discussions with HLB twice during the financial year, namely on 31 July 2018 and 29 May 2019, without the presence of management, to apprise on matters in regard to the audit and financial statements. No major concerns were highlighted by HLB.
(d)Reviewed the profiles of the audit engagement team which enabled the Audit Committee to assess their qualification, expertise, resources, and independence, as well as the effectiveness of the audit process. HLB also provided written confirmation of their independence in all of the reports presented to the Audit Committee. The Audit Committee also reviewed on a regular basis, the nature and extent of the non-audit services provided by HLB and was satisfied with the suitability, performance, independence and objectivity of HLB.
3.Internal Audit
(a)Reviewed and adopted the risk-based internal audit plan for financial year ending 30 June 2020 to ensure sufficient scope and coverage of activities of YTL REIT and the Group;
(b)Reviewed internal audit resourcing, with focus on ensuring that the function has sufficient resources together with the right calibre of personnel to perform effectively, and that the head of internal audit has adequate authority to discharge his functions objectively and independently.
4.Related Party Transactions ("RPT") and Recurrent RPT of a Revenue or Trading Nature ("RRPT")
(a)Reviewed, on a quarterly basis, the RRPT entered into by YTL REIT and/or its subsidiaries with related parties to ensure that the Group’s internal policies and procedures governing RRPT are adhered to, and disclosure requirements of the Main LR are observed;
(b)Received updates on the directorships and shareholdings held by the Directors of the Company and persons connected with them via the general notices given under and in accordance with Section 221 of the Companies Act, 2016. These disclosures enabled an assessment of the potential or actual conflicts of interest which may arise in relation to RPT or RRPT;
(c)Reviewed the following RPT and/or RRPT entered into by YTL REIT and/or its subsidiaries with related parties to ensure the transactions were in the best interest of YTL REIT and the unitholders; were fair, reasonable and on normal commercial terms; and were not detrimental to the interest of the non-interested unitholders of YTL REIT, prior to its recommendation to the Board of Directors for approval:-
Acquisition of The Green Leaf Niseko Village ("Green Leaf") from Niseko Village K.K. ("NVKK") and lease of Green Leaf to NVKK;
Rental revision for JW Marriott Hotel Kuala Lumpur in consideration of YTL REIT's reimbursement of the renovation costs.
5.Policy on Auditor Independence
(a)Reviewed the Policy on Auditor Independence and 'External Auditor Evaluation Form', prior to approval of the Board of Directors.
INTERNAL AUDIT FUNCTION

The objective of the Internal Audit ("IA") is to help management evaluate the effectiveness and efficiency of the internal control systems. The IA is part of YTL REIT and the Group's governance system, and according to the Malaysian Code on Corporate Governance, the IA is in charge of supervising internal control activities. IA's goal is to focus mainly on risk-based audits related to operations and compliance that are aligned with the risks of YTL REIT and the Group to ensure that the relevant controls addressing those risks are reviewed.

During the financial year, the IA Department evaluated the adequacy and effectiveness of key controls in responding to risks within YTL REIT's governance, operations and information systems regarding:-

Reliability and integrity of financial and operational information;
Effectiveness and efficiency of operations;
Safeguarding of assets; and
Compliance with relevant laws, regulations and contractual obligations.

The work of the internal audit function during the year under review include:-

1.Developed the annual internal audit plan and proposed the plan to the Audit Committee.
2.Conducted scheduled internal audit engagements, focusing primarily on the effectiveness of internal controls and recommended improvements where necessary.
3.Conducted follow-up reviews to assess if appropriate action has been taken to address issues highlighted in previous audit reports.
4.Conducted recurrent related party transactions reviews to assess accuracy and completeness of reporting for presentation to the Audit Committee, and ensure compliance with the Main LR.
5.Conducted discussions with management in identifying significant concerns and risk areas perceived by management for inclusion in the internal audit plan.

Costs amounting to RM110,286 were incurred in relation to the internal audit function for the financial year ended 30 June 2019.